Thus Spoke the General


Dr. Syed Nazir Gilani


The new Indian army chief General Bikram Singh during his two day visit to Jammu and Kashmir has asked troops to respect human rights and uphold law of land. According to defence spokesman General Singh visited the forward areas along the Line of Control (LoC) and while interacting with officers and troops, he stressed upon the secular and apolitical ethos of the Indian Army. General Singh's advice to troops to respect human rights and uphold law of land and his stress upon the secular and apolitical ethos of the Indian Army makes him an enlightened soldier. It does not however, reflect the full and higher discipline of duties that the Indian army has taken upon to discharge in Jammu and Kashmir.


It was on the morning of Wednesday 27 March 1996 that World Society of Victimology – WSV (Germany) and Jammu and Kashmir Council for Human Rights – JKCHR (United Kingdom), informed the delegates at the UN that the dead body of Jaleel Andrabi a Kashmiri lawyer who had attended the 47th Session of UN Sub Commission, On Prevention Of Discrimination And Protection Of Minorities, last year (1995) was found floating in the river Jhelum, near Raj Bagh - early that morning. He was arrested on the evening of 9 March 1996, while travelling with his family.


World Society of Victimology (WSV) and  Jammu and Kashmir Council for Human Rights – (JKCHR) organised a Meeting, on Monday 1st April, from 4pm to 6pm, at Palais des Nations in Geneva, in Memory of the Human Rights activist, killed in custody. The author (as permanent representative of WSV to the UN) had hosted a dinner to Jaleel Andrabi and other Kashmiri delegates who were attending the 47th Session of UN Sub Commission, On Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities in 1995.


The alleged involvement of Major Avtar Singh in Jaleel Andrabi's custodial killing would remain a mystery. Avtar Singh has killed himself and his family. He has left behind a big question, when he told his immigration consultant for his asylum application in USA, that he did not kill Kashmiri activist Jaleel Andrabi, but knew who did. "I am being made a scapegoat," he said, adding that he would be killed if he returned to India. The latest revelation should cause a serious concern to us who defend the human rights in general and to the institution of army in particular.


As a start it should be made very clear that Jammu and Kashmir is not like any other State of India and the Indian army here has a special and defined role. Governor General of India on 27 October 1947 took action "to send troops of the Indian army to Kashmir to help Kashmiri forces to defend the territory and to protect the lives, property and honour of Kashmiri people". It is therefore a supplement to the Kashmir forces and remains subordinate to the State administration. The provisional agreement of the State of Jammu and Kashmir with the Union of India is consequent upon these duties of the Indian army and vice versa.


On 5 February 1948 at the 241st Meeting of the UN Security Council, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah as part of the Indian delegation in his address on the question of Indian army stated that "The Prime Minister of India long ago declared that the Government of India has no intention of keeping its army permanently stationed in Kashmir. He stated, "We are there only as long as the country is in turmoil. Once law and order are established, once the marauders and the tribesmen leave the country we will withdraw our army". That pledge is already there."


In regard to the Pakistani objections on the role and influence of Indian army in Kashmir Sheikh further submitted that, "There need be no fear, since the Indian army is there, that this army will interfere in the exercise of a free vote. After all, a commission of the Security Council will be there in order to watch. The Indian army does not have to go into every village. It will be stationed at certain strategic points, so that in the event of danger from any border, the army will be there to protect that border. The army is there to curb disorders anywhere in the State; that is all. The army will not be in each and every village in order to watch each and every vote." (UN SC official record Nos. 16-35, 5 February–2 March 1948).


India as a member nation of UN has submitted itself to an international discipline for its armies in Jammu and Kashmir. There is a strict discipline in regard to the behaviour, number, and location of Indian troops in Kashmir. Under UN SC Resolution S/726 of 21 April 1948 Indian forces in Kashmir are subject to the following three principles:


(i)                 That the presence of troops should not afford any intimidation or appearance of intimidation to the inhabitants of the State

(ii)               That as small a number as possible should be retained in forward areas

(iii)             That any reserve of troops which may be included in the total strength should be located within their present base area.

Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah addressing the same UN SC meeting made an important point and every Indian and Pakistani should stop to examine the substantive merits of this point. He stated that "It is said that Sheikh Abdullah is a friend of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Yes, I admit that. I feel honoured that such a great man claims me as his friend. And he happens to belong to my own country; he is also a Kashmiri and blood is thicker than water. If Jawaharlal gives me that honour, I cannot help it. He is my friend. But that does not mean that, because of his friendship, I am going to betray the millions of my people who have suffered along with me for the last seventeen years and sacrifice the interests of my country. I am not a man of that calibre."


Indian army chief has to be fully knowledgeable to look beyond the duties of his troops to respect human rights, uphold law and honour the secular and apolitical ethos of the Indian Army. These other duties are clearly stipulated by the Governor General of India in the purpose of sending Indian troops to Kashmir, their role is fully explained by the Prime Minister of India, explained and defended by Sheikh  Abdullah at the UN Security Council and finally inscribed in  the UN Security Council Resolution of 21 April 1948.


In fact Indian troops have a significant role to play to support peace in Kashmir and in promoting the process during which the people of the State are able to exercise the freedom of their choice. Indian army would not be able to discharge its higher and defined burden of responsibilities, if it is not educated in the jurisprudence of the Kashmir dispute, distribution of the people, three administrations, State Subject rule and the full volume of other described roles. General Singh, his officers and soldiers in Kashmir need to know that even Noel Baker United Kingdom representative to the UN Security Council during the same meeting observed that "One of my friends wrote a book in which he said that Kashmir was so lovely a

Country that no lifetime was long enough to absorb the wonder of it."


If for Noel Baker and his friend, 'no lifetime was long enough to absorb the wonder of Kashmir', how would it be possible for General Singh to absorb the wonder of Kashmir in two days and educate in one interaction his troops to discharge the full and higher discipline of duties that the Indian army has taken upon to discharge in Jammu and Kashmir. He needs to take urgent, continued and exceptional steps to be able to serve on these two counts. General needs to spend more time for absorbing the wonder of Kashmir and for educating his troops.


Author is London based Secretary General of JKCHR – NGO in Special Consultative Status with the United Nations. He can be mailed at


Warm Regards

Mir Imran
Kashmir Chapter - JKCHR
Peer Bagh, Srinagar
Kashmir - India

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Upright Opinion
June 18, 2012
Et tu, Hassan Nisar?
By Saeed Qureshi
If Hassan Nisar is also one of the recipients of the graft money from Malik Riaz, the Pakistan's billionaire property tycoon: then it definitely betokens the demise of fair journalism in Pakistan. His name is there  in the list with the soul-dampening information  that, " he received 1 Crore and 10 Lakhs Rupees: Money transferred from Account Title Bahria Town (Pvt) Limited, Account Number42279-2 at Habib Bank Limited, LDA Plaza Branch, Lahore, Code 1315, SWIFT: HABBPKKAX315 10 Marla Plot in Bahria Town.
In the TV Talk appearances as a guest or as a host in his own popular program "Choraha", or in his Jang columns, he unleashes an avalanche of blistering censure against the corrupt individuals and agencies in Pakistan. He is adored and acknowledged as one among the whole crowd of journalists for scathing views and tongue lashing against a whole range of corruption, greed, moral degeneration and a failed system of governance. He is the most aggressive and unsparing critic of the incumbent government and the power wielders and their sleazy exploits in self-aggrandizement and money grabbing.
His defiant rhetoric did not spare the army generals, the bureaucrats, the highly placed government functionaries and exploitative business magnates and classes for plundering Pakistan at the cost of the peoples' burgeoning woes. But all of a sudden , his image looks so besmirched and hollow that one tends to believe as if his assertion of moral principles and manifestation of pious platitudes was a mere charade that has been lifted in such a freakish fashion. 
It's hard to believe that he has been erroneously implicated in this scam as all the particulars are self-explanatory. It appears utterly improbable for him to get absolved from the calumny that has demolished his thus far adorable public profile of all these years. The building of a reputation comes in stages, by hard work and over a prolonged period of test and trials. But it can be washed off instantaneously and one stands tarnished by the surreptitious and sudden developments as the one we are witnessing now. One stands exposed in a jiffy no matter how cleverly he masks his real intentions or covers up behind- the-door activities by thick blankets of subterfuge and ruse.
The fundamental question stands out that why this former Bahria Town boss was squandering big chunks of money on a bunch of leading and most prominent journalist whose programs are watched both in and outside Pakistan by countless people. Understandably it was to purchase their loyalties in favor of the exploitative groups, lobbies and individuals whose front man is Malik Riaz. The charge could be credible that the perks and grafts given to Arsalan Iftikhar was aimed at silencing or blackmailing the chief justice  for going soft on the gubernatorial cases pending against the powerful persons.
This projection could be plausible when seen in the light of a highly uncalled and offensive comment made by Luqman Mubashar, a shrewish anchor of the Dunya TV channel. In one of his programs in which a stalwart of MQM and Fauzia Wahab were guests, he demanded in a louder pitch to hang the chief justice. He was egregiously disrespectful and it was evident that he was communicating his odious marks to some one somewhere. Otherwise a minimum modicum of decency and decorum is normally observed   in television programs, all the more about the head of Supreme Court who should command respect if not total support.
That was most distasteful demeanor of this anchor who became boorish as to leave the basic norms of a normal human being. Fauzia Wahab despite being a prominent member of the PPP and averse to chief justice did not agree with his vicious and scornful outburst. The rabid nexus between Luqman, Mehar Bukhari, Malik Riaz and prime minister's son Abdul Qadir Gilani was established in full public glare on the TV screen when they thought they were talking in camera.
There is no comparison between Luqman: a cheap and sold out media person and Hassan Nisar to be sitting on a high moral pedestal. Hassan's terse postures and uncharitable, scathing and rather brutal critique of the stinking political and socio-economic system, the rapacious violation of the constitution and laws, the bad governance and rampant plunder by powerful lobbies and individuals, earned him the respect and aplomb of   the watchers of his TV program.
And now he seems to be half way through an abyss that eliminates the infinite difference of between him and the notorious lot of media in regard to an upright conduct. It is a steep downfall that cannot be rescaled upward by tons of explanations on the part of him or his zealous fans.
Human suffer from temptations for worldly pleasures and enticements and Hassan Nisar is no exception. But what is intriguing or painful is that he was an icon among the journalists for his fiery exhortations against the evil forces. A drastic downgrading from that sublime stature is not only mind boggling but squarely distressing for his admirers. How is he going to cope with this sordid turn of events is too hard a feat to be conjectured correctly?
The writer is a senior journalist and a former diplomat
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Dear all

Mehar Bukhari added her name in the sting operation against the superior judiciary and the CJP in that special interview of Malik Riaz on Dunya TV. People around the globe with interest in Pakistani politics watched her doing everything to please the property tycoon through her conversation supported by body language during 'off-the-air' intervals. She tried her best to get Malik Riaz's attention and 'blessings'. He responded with 'fatherly' attitude. To please her, he promised to give her exclusive one-to-one interview in future. The whole 'episode' reminded me of slave mental mind-set our society suffers from.

Despite her explanation the next day on her talk show, she cannot hide the factual visuals seen by millions a day earlier. The question is why did she want to have another one-to-one interview? Didn't she do enough 'Khush-Amadi' in those two hours that she wanted more hours? What else she could have done that she didn't do in that interview?

Whether she likes it or not, the paradoxical approach in 'on the air' and 'off the air' visuals brought her down in the eyes of the public. Khwaja Asif tried to save her integrity by calling her a 'collateral damage'. It is not as simple as that. The only way she can distance herself from the sting operation and be counted as 'collateral damage' is to resigns from Dunya TV as her colleague Nasim Zahar did. That is the only honourable way out otherwise showing selected clips of her conversations and trying to explain her position is like cleaning her greasy hands with water instead of turpentine. Moreover it can cast a shadow on her husband Kashif Abbasi's integrity, who is known to be an upright anchor person.

Finally, if one removes the clip in which Mubashar Lucman received a call from PM's son and handed over the telephone in a disgraceful manner to Riaz Malik, he acted and sounded more upright than Meher Bukhari during those crucial 'off the air' time.

Dr Ghayur Ayub

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