Dear Sir,

We have published an exclusive article on Chinese motorcycle industry in July-2012 edition of 
monthly AutoMark magazine, for your kind reference now we have posted this article at our
website, kindly use following link to read yourself or send to your friends.

best regards
M. Hanif Memon

Monthly Automotive Magazine 'AutoMark'
Mailing Address :
D-68, Block-9, Clifton,
Karachi - Pakistan
Tel: 021-32218526
Cell: 0321-2203815
Skype: hanifmemon46

Recent Activity:
Tariq Khattak.
0300-9599007 and 0333-9599007


Click here to view on a mobile device or as a webpage.



Standard & Poor's Ratings Services | Press Release

Pakistan Long-Term Rating Affirmed At 'B-'; Outlook Stable

SINGAPORE (Standard & Poor's) July 20, 2012--Standard & Poor's Ratings Services today affirmed its 'B-' long-term sovereign credit rating on the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The outlook on the long-term rating remains stable. Standard & Poor's also affirmed its 'B-' issue rating on Pakistan's senior unsecured foreign- and local-currency debt and its 'B-' transfer and convertibility assessment. At the same time, we raised the short-term sovereign credit rating to 'B' from 'C', following a change in criteria that links long-term ratings with short-term ones.

The sovereign ratings on Pakistan take into account the country's weak fiscal profile and associated high public and external leverage, low income level, as well as the underlying weak political and policy setting. These constraints are balanced against strong remittance inflows that help sustain a still-adequate external liquidity position.

Pakistan's high public and external indebtedness is a main rating constraint. Net general government debt stands at an estimated 52% of GDP in 2012, 40% of which is external debt.

"The interest burden on this debt poses a great constraint on discretionary spending, given already sparse fiscal resources," said Standard & Poor's credit analyst Agost Benard. "The large interest bill and other expenditure-side rigidities against a narrow revenue base of about 12.5% of GDP result in ongoing fiscal slippages."

The country's political and security environments also constitute a rating constraint. A volatile, fragmented, and adversarial domestic political setting detracts from policymaking and implementation. The resulting weak macroeconomic conditions, together with regional insurgencies, sectarian strife, and weak governance standards are a significant deterrent for private sector investment.

The government's recent failure to make timely payments on unrated government-guaranteed commercial obligations by the Central Power Purchasing Agency to independent power producers was attributable to bureaucratic delays and does not constitute a default according to our criteria.

"Our 'B' rating category considers the potential of administrative weaknesses to result in payment delays from ministries to agencies," Mr. Benard said.

The ratings on Pakistan are supported by the country's adequate foreign currency liquidity. Buoyant remittance inflows from a geographically well-diversified off-shore labor force and large Pakistani diaspora amount to 5.6% of GDP, having risen more than threefold in nominal terms over the past seven years.

The raising of the short-term rating reflects our criteria revision regarding the link between long-term and short-term sovereign credit ratings. According to our revised criteria, the short-term rating on a sovereign government is derived directly and solely from the long-term rating. As a result, the raising of the short-term rating does not reflect an improvement in Pakistan's short-term creditworthiness.

The stable rating outlook balances still-adequate external liquidity against vulnerabilities posed by structural fiscal weaknesses and significant political and security risks.

We may lower the ratings if major slippages in policy occur, resulting in rising public debt, or if the balance-of-payments position deteriorates and external liquidity comes under greater stress. Conversely, we may raise the ratings if Pakistan shows progress in its fiscal consolidation efforts, manifested in moderating deficits and a steady reduction in the public debt burden.


·         Short-Term/Long-Term Ratings Linkage Criteria For Corporate And Sovereign Issuers, May 15, 2012

·         Sovereign Government Rating Methodology And Assumptions, June 30, 2011

Complete ratings information is available to subscribers of RatingsDirect on the Global Credit Portal at All ratings affected by this rating action can be found on Standard & Poor's public Web site at Use the Ratings search box located in the left column.

Media contacts:
Tanuja Abhinandan, Mumbai, (91) 22-3342-1818;
Jyoti Parmar, Mumbai, (91) 22-3342-1835;

Primary Credit Analyst:
Agost Benard, Singapore;

Secondary Contact:
YeeFarn Phua, Singapore;

Standard & Poor's Ratings Services, part of The McGraw-Hill Companies (NYSE:MHP), is the world's leading provider of independent credit risk research and benchmarks. We publish more than a million credit ratings on debt issued by sovereign, municipal, corporate and financial sector entities. With over 1,400 credit analysts in 23 countries, and more than 150 years' experience of assessing credit risk, we offer a unique combination of global coverage and local insight. Our research and opinions about relative credit risk provide market participants with information and independent benchmarks that help to support the growth of transparent, liquid debt markets worldwide.




The information contained in this message is intended only for the recipient, and may be a confidential attorney-client communication or may otherwise be privileged and confidential and protected from disclosure. If the reader of this message is not the intended recipient, or an employee or agent responsible for delivering this message to the intended recipient, please be aware that any dissemination or copying of this communication is strictly prohibited. If you have received this communication in error, please immediately notify us by replying to the message and deleting it from your computer. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. reserves the right, subject to applicable local law, to monitor, review and process the content of any electronic message or information sent to or from McGraw-Hill e-mail addresses without informing the sender or recipient of the message. By sending electronic message or information to McGraw-Hill e-mail addresses you, as the sender, are consenting to McGraw-Hill processing any of your personal data therein.

Recent Activity:
Tariq Khattak.
0300-9599007 and 0333-9599007